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QUESTIONS ABOUT BUTTERFLIES OF COSTA RICA:
ANSWERS ABOUT BUTTERFLIES OF COSTA RICA:
It depends on the specie , for instance, species like morpho and caligo can live up to four weeks, the specimens of the Heliconius family, on the other hand, can live about seven days. The environmental conditions can strongly affect the survival capacity of the butterflies, if the living conditions are good (plenty of food, good weather, not too many predators) butterflies can live longer than if they have to struggle with hard circumstances, same as any of us!
Universities, zoos and personal collectors , places and people that work on scientific research and/or want to have a worldwide butterfly exhibition, like the Cockrell Butterfly Exhibition in Houston Texas or the Butterfly Pavilion and Insect Center in Colorado.
Some flies and wasps are parasites and deposit their eggs inside the chrysalis, the catepillars and the butterflies eggs. Other enemies are ants, spiders, lizards, amphibians, and of course birds.
Once the catepillar sheds the skin for the last time a chrysalis is formed. The metamorfosis takes place inside the pupae , and the tissues of the catepillar start to form the butterfly. This transformation lasts between ten and 30 days , depending on the species. Pupaes come in many shapes but susally they imítate things like dry leaves, twigs, etc…
Their colors help to keep predators away, in fact, many of the most colorful butterflies taste bad and/or are toxic, their colors also help butterflies to camouflage and to attact potential mates.
There are between 15,000 and 20,000 species of butterflies worldwide. Costa Rica sustains 2000 species of diurnal butterflies and 12000 of nocturnal butterflies (moths). At the Spirogyra Butterfly Garden we have between 20 to 25 different species of diurnal ones.
Some species of butterfly can reach fast speeds, such as the Southern Dart, which can go as fast as 48.4 km/h. In some species, there is sometimes a gliding component to their flight. Flight occurs either as hovering, or as forward or backward motion. In butterfly species, hovering is important in order to hover over flowers when feeding on the nectar.
Many butterflies migrate over long distances. Particularly famous migrations are those of the Monarch butterfly from Mexico to northern USA and southern Canada, a distance of about 4000 to 4800 km (2500–3000 miles).
Many species of butterfly maintain territories and actively chase other species or individuals that may stray into them. Some species will bask or perch on chosen perches. The flight styles of butterflies are often characteristic and some species have courtship flight displays.
Butterflies may have one or more broods per year. The number of generations per year varies from temperate to tropical regions.
A butterfly is a mainly day-flying insect.
Vision is well developed in butterflies and most species are sensitive to the ultraviolet spectrum. Color vision may be widespread but has been demonstrated in only a few species. Butterflies have been shown to navigate using time compensated sun compasses. They can see polarized light and therefore orient even in cloudy conditions.
It is Mariposa.
Female Queen Alexandra's Birdwings are larger than males with markedly rounder, broader wings. The female can reach a wingspan of 31 cm (12.2 inches), a body length of 8 cm (3.2 inches) and a body mass of up to 12 grams (0.42 oz), all enormous measurements for a butterfly.
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